About Iran Dried Fruit

  • All
  • Apricot
  • Dates
  • Fig
  • iran dried fruit
  • Iran fruit
  • Mamra almond
  • Pistachio
  • raisin
  • Saffron
  • Walnut

About IRAN

About IRAN About IRAN Government type Islamic Republic of Iran Capital Tehran Administrative divisions There are 28 provinces (or 28 ostanha; singular-ostan): Ardabil, Azarbayjan-e Gharbi, Azarbayjan-e Sharqi, Bushehr, Chahar Mahall va Bakhtiari, Esfahan, Fars, Gilan, Golestan,Hamadan, Hormozgan, Ilam, Kerman, Kermanshahan, … Readmore

Pistachio standards

Pistachio standards

The institute of Standard and Industrial Research of Iran requires that all pistachio producers must observe the fallowing standards in order to export their product:

Pistachio history

Pistachio history The original homelands of the pistachio were Asia Minor (now Turkey), Iran, Syria, Lebanon and a bit north to the Caucasus in southern Russia and Afghanistan. Archeologists have found evidence in a dig site at Jerome, near northeastern … Readmore

The Sex Life of the Pistachio

The Sex Life of the Pistachio What happens when you put a male pistachio tree together with a female pistachio tree? Of course, little baby pistachios. Isn’t nature great? Pistachios trees are dioeciously in nature, meaning that the sex of some trees … Readmore

Pistachio Growing

Pistachio Growing Pistachio trees will often grow in poor soil where other trees will not survive. More important to their survival is the proper climate. Pistachio trees thrive in hot dry summer weather and prefer cool winters. They do not do … Readmore

Pistachio origin

Pistachio origin The pistachio tree is native to western Asia and Asia Minor, from Syria to the Caucasus and Afghanistan. Archaeological evidence in Turkey indicates the nuts were being used for food as early as 7,000 B.C. The pistachio was … Readmore

What is Saffron?

Said to be “possibly the first spice ever used by man,” saffron has been identified as a distinct popularity since the dawn of culinary traditions. Its history spans throughout the world and into our kitchens, first known to be the … Readmore

Pistachio growth habits

Pistachio growth habits : The pistachio is a broad, bushy, deciduous tree which grows slowly to a height and spread of 25 to 30 feet, with one or several trunks. The trees are inclined to spread and droop, and may … Readmore

pistachio flowers

pistachio flowers pistachio flower _ Pistachios fruit are dioeciously with male and female flowers on separate trees. pistachio flower : Male and female trees must be present for fruit to set, or a branch from a male tree may be … Readmore

pistachio fruit

pistachio fruit The pistachio fruit  : the reddish, wrinkled fruits are borne in heavy clusters somewhat like grapes. Although known as a nut, the fruit of the pistachio is botanically a drupe, the edible portion of which is the seed. … Readmore

Culture Pistachio

Culture Pistachio Pistachio location : Culture Pistachio _ Pistachios should be planted in full sun. The size of the slow growing trees can be further controlled by pruning. When planting, avoid rough handling since the budded tops are easily broken … Readmore

Risk factors and loss prevention

RF Temperature Pistachio nuts require particular temperature, humidity/moisture and ventilation conditions for this reason, precise details should always be obtained from the consignor as to the travel temperature to be maintained. The stated travel temperature of 0°C is the ideal temperature … Readmore

Sicilian Pistachios

Sicilian Pistachios Today, most of the pistachios consumed in Italy are imported from Iran and Iraq. That wasn't always the case. Throughout the middle Ages, the pistachios eaten by Sicilians came from eastern Sicily, where they are still grown, particularly … Readmore

Medicinal benefits of pistachio

Medicinal benefits of pistachio A Loma Linda University medical study published results that should encourage us all to eat a 3 to 3 1/2-ounce serving of nuts five or more times a week. Those participants who ate nuts five times … Readmore


Nutrition Just 47 pistachios, a one-ounce serving, contain 13 grams of predominantly monounsaturated fat and no cholesterol. All nuts, including pistachios, contain some saturated fat but are considered low in saturated fat. Fats are a concentrated source of energy and … Readmore

Storage pistachio

Storage pistachio If you want to store a large quantity of nuts, it’s best to put them in heavy-duty freezer bags and freeze them. Frozen, they will keep for several months. For shorter storage you can refrigerate pistachios for up … Readmore


cooked Add raw pistachios to stir-fry dishes. Use them as a garnish in steaming hot soups. Bake them into casseroles. Add raw pistachios to grain dishes at the end of cooking. They’re especially attractive with the lighter color grains, such as rice, quinoa, … Readmore

Scientific names

Scientific names • Vitis vinifera L • Vitaceae Raisin comes from the Latin racemes and means “a cluster of grapes or berries”. Cultured for fruit, eaten fresh, processed into raisins or juice, with some cultivars adapted for the canning industry. RAISIN … Readmore

The major Raisin producers in the world

The major Raisin producers in the world 1. United States (428,650 tons) 2. Turkey (350,100 tons) 3. Iran (155,000 tons) 4. South Africa (33,500 tons) 5. Greece (31,000 tons) 6. Australia (16,800 tons) 7. Mexico (15,550 tons) Global trade in … Readmore

Raisin history

Raisin history TimeLine Leaving fruits out to dry in the sun and air is one of the oldest methods of preserving food-whether it’s turning grapes into raisins, or fresh figs, dates, apricots, and plums into their dried counterparts. Raisins and … Readmore

Life on the vine

Life on the vine The raisins are hard to work for, but the results are sweet. It takes at least three full years to produce a single raisin, from the time a grape vine is planted to its first yield. … Readmore

The versatile raisin

The versatile raisin Few foods are as easy to use as natural raisins. Sweet, tasty and delicious, raisins are a great snack just as they are or can add flavor to almost any favorite recipe. Try mixing these delicious sun-dried … Readmore

Raisin At the packing plant

Raisin At the packing plant Quality control plays an important part once the raisins are at the plant. Before the raisins are taken from their bins, government inspectors use long prods to take samples from the middle of each box. … Readmore

Varietals & Nutritional information

Varietals & Nutritional information The versatile raisin Few foods are as easy to use as natural raisins. Sweet, tasty and delicious, raisins are a great snack just as they are or can add flavor to almost any favorite recipe. Try … Readmore

Iranian raisin

Iranian raisin Iran is the third largest exporter of raisin in the world by exporting 92,000 tons (7% global Consumption) of raisins worth around 70 million dollars annually. There are different varieties of Iranian Raisins; Sultana Raisins, Golden Raisins, Black … Readmore

Sultana raisins

Sultana raisins This kind is brown and is the most popular variety. The sultana grape dries under the sun to become the delicious sultana raisin. The Greek sultana raisin has a distinct sweet flavor that resembles vanilla and a burned … Readmore

Golden raisins

Golden raisins (Anguri) This Product is available in several sizes and quality (Seedless or with Seed). This kind is oven-dried and then sulfur is added to preserve its color.

Black raisins

Black raisins (Sun-Dried) This Product is available in several sizes and quality (Seedless or with Seed). This kind is prepared by drying the fruit in full sun and results in a dark color.

Green raisins

Green raisins This Product is available in several sizes and quality. This kind is naturally green, but sulfur is added to bring out a brighter color.

Background of raisin

Background of raisin Raisins are made primarily by sun drying several different types of grapes. They are small and sweetly flavored with a wrinkled texture. The technique for making raisins has been known since ancient times and evidence of their … Readmore

History of date

History of date Dates have been a staple food of the Middle East for thousands of years. It is believed to have originated around the Persian Gulf, and has been cultivated in ancient times from Mesopotamia to prehistoric Egypt, possibly … Readmore

Dates Watering & Irrigating

Dates Watering & Irrigating Date trees take as much water as a willow tree, yet they cannot tolerate rain or humidity. That’s why dates have to be grown in the hot desert, where our average rainfall is less then 3 … Readmore

Dates Bags & Bunches

Dates Bags & Bunches Our foreman is holding a small “bunch” of dates that has been cut down from the tree. Notice the thickness of the main stalk. This picture was taken early last August, before the dates had ripened. … Readmore

Transplanting Date Pups

Transplanting Date Pups All of our date trees are grown from pups (offshoots from the parent tree). This guarantees that both the tree and the fruit produced will be identical to the parent. It takes between 6 to 8 years … Readmore

The dates harvest

The dates harvest Although many date farms still use ladders, we use a U-Shaped basket on a forklift to reach the dates. We will be able to utilize this method until the trees are approx. 40 ft. tall.Date harvest The … Readmore


TimeLine Who says history is a dry subject? (Read all about the fascinating history of raisins and dried fruits) Leaving fruits out to dry in the sun and air is one of the oldest methods of preserving food-whether it’s turning … Readmore

Dates Origin and Distribution

Dates Origin and Distribution he date palm is believed to have originated in the lands around the Persian Gulf and in ancient times was especially abundant between the Nile and Euphrates rivers. Alphonse de Condole claimed that it ranged in … Readmore

Date Climate

Date Climate The date palm must have full sun. It cannot live in the shade. It will grow in all warm climates where the temper nature rarely falls to 20°F (-6.67°C). When the palm is dormant, it can stand temperatures … Readmore

Date Ripening

Date Ripening Some high-quality dates are picked individually by hand, but most are harvested by cutting off the entire cluster. In North Africa, the harvesters climb the palms, use forked sticks or ropes to lower the fruit clusters, or they … Readmore

The first raisins

The first raisins It’s probably safe to say that raisins were discovered by man the first time he found them accidentally dried out on the vine. But it took several hundreds of years before he determined which of the 8,000 … Readmore

Dates Keeping Quality

Dates Keeping Quality Slightly under ripe ‘Delete Nor’ dates will keep at 32°F (0°C) up to 10 months; fully mature, for 5 to 6 months. Freezing will extend the storage life for a much longer period. In India, sun-dried dates, … Readmore

About figs (Description Origin and Distribution )

About figs Fig trees are of the genus Ficus, in the mulberry family. The rubber plant, a popular house plant, the Bo tree, and the Banyan tree are also species of Ficus. The fig was used by the ancient Egyptians … Readmore

Food Value Fig

Food Value An analysis of the fresh fig shows it consists good amount of moisture and little protein, fat and carbohydrate. The dry fig has a high nutritive value. Its most important food element is sugar which forms 51 to … Readmore

Natural benefits Curative properties

Natural benefits Curative properties Many medicinal virtues have been ascribed to the fig. It is considered a restorative food which helps in quick recovery after prolonged illness. It removes physical and mental exertion and endows the body with renewed vigour … Readmore

Fig wasp

Fig wasp lastophaga spines Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Insecta Order: Hymenoptera Suborder: Apocrita Superfamily: Chalcidoidea Family: Agenda Subfamilies • Agaoninae • Epichrysomallinae • Otitesellinae • Sycoecinae • Sycophaginae • Sycoryctinae Fig wasps are wasps of the family … Readmore

Training (Pruning & Irrigation) Fig

Training Figs culture Pruning Training Figs are so important step. Normally figs are pruned very little. Do not prune mature Celeste and Alma trees because this reduces the crop size. Estahban Ever-bearing produces a fair crop following heavy winter pruning. … Readmore

Fig Harvesting

Fig Harvesting For top quality, allow figs to ripen fully on the tree. But they must be picked as they ripen; otherwise, spoilage from the dried fruit beetle can occur. On-the-tree spoilage or souring is caused by microorganisms in the … Readmore

Almond History

Almond History The almond is botanically a stone fruit related to the cherry, the plum, and the peach. Almonds are mentioned as far back in history as the Bible. They were a prized ingredient in breads served to Egypt’s pharos. … Readmore

Raw Almond Recalls

Raw Almond Recalls ! Raw Almond Recalls :The Food and Drug Administration is advising distributors, wholesalers and consumers that a recall of raw almonds due to reports of Salmonella Intrepidities that was announced by Paramount Farms, Lost Hills, CA, on … Readmore

Sweet and Bitter Almonds

Sweet and Bitter Almonds ! Sweet and Bitter Almonds ! There are two forms of the plant, one producing sweet almonds, and the other producing bitter almonds. The kernel of the former contains a fixed oil and emulsion. As late … Readmore

Almond Oil

Almond Oil “Ileum Amygdalate”, the fixed oil, is prepared from either variety of almonds and is a glycerol oblate, with a slight odor and a nutty taste. It is almost insoluble in alcohol but readily soluble in chloroform or ether. … Readmore

Almond syrup

Almond syrup Historically, almond syrup was an emulsion of sweet and bitter almonds usually made with barley syrup or in syrup of orange-flower water and sugar.Grocer’s Encyclopedia notes that “Ten parts of sweet almonds are generally employed to three parts … Readmore

Almond Possible Health Benefits

Almond Possible Health Benefits Edgar Cayce, a man regarded as the father of American holistic medicine, also highly favored the almond. In his readings, Cayce often recommended that almonds be included in the diet.Claimed health benefits include improved complexion, improved … Readmore

Smoky Almonds Recipe

Smoky Almonds Recipe Smokey Almonds recipe  :  2 1/2 Cups raw almonds 1/2 tsp. hickory smoked salt 2 Tbsp. tamari or soy sauce 1/2 tsp. brown sugar or honey Preheat oven to 300 degrees F. Toast almonds on a large … Readmore

Almond Cake

Almond Cake 1 1/3 cups granulated sugar 3/4 cup almond paste (not marzipan) 10 ounces unsalted butter, at room temperature 6 large eggs, at room temperature 1 teaspoon vanilla extract 1 cup all-purpose flour 1 teaspoon baking powder 1/4 teaspoon … Readmore

Walnut history

Walnut history Walnuts are the fruit of the Jungians regain. It is a Latin contraction of Jives glens meaning regal nut of Jupiter or nut of “the Gods.”Ancients believed the gods dined on walnuts, hence regain or regal. Origin of … Readmore

The knights and raisins

The knights and raisins For all their popularity, though, raisins were not exported to the rest of Europe. Shipping methods were too poor to maintain the quality of the raisins for long travel. All of that changed in the 11th … Readmore

Raisin in the new world

Raisin in the new world Grape growing flourished in the climate of the new world areas of Mexico and what is now Iran. Missionaries sponsored by Queen Isabella of Spain were sent to Mexico to educate the natives about religion. … Readmore

Augustus and Hannibal loved raisins

Augustus and Hannibal loved raisins The Phoenicians and Armenians then began to trade raisins with the Greeks and the Romans. Tasty dried muscats, sultanas and currants became very popular and in great demand with the Greeks and Romans who ate … Readmore

To your good health

To your good health Raisins are nature’s original candy – and one of the world’s most nutritious dried fruits.     Sweet, tasty raisins are cholesterol-free, low in sodium and virtually fat-free. They provide many necessary vitamins and minerals to … Readmore

Persian Walnut

Persian Walnut The Persian Walnut ,also known as Common Walnut or English Walnut, is a species of walnut that is native from the Balkans, in southeast Europe, east through southwest and central Asia and the Himalayas to southwest China. The … Readmore

Raw materials

Raw materials The primary raw material for making raisins is grapes. To make 1 lb (453.59 g) of raisins, over 4 lb (1,814.36 g) of fresh grapes are required. These grapes must have certain qualities in order to produce quality … Readmore

Cultivation and uses of walnut

Cultivation and uses of walnut The Persian Walnut was introduced into western and northern Europe very early, by Roman times or earlier, and to the Americas by the 17th century. It is cultivated extensively for its high-quality nuts, eaten both … Readmore

The manufacturing process

The Raisin manufacturing process There are four primary methods for producing raisins including the natural, dehydration, continuous tray, and dried-on-the-vine methods. The most popular of these is the natural method which will be explained in some detail. The basic steps … Readmore

Raisin farming

Farming raisin The first step to producing good raisins is growing quality grapes in the vineyards. Grape farming is a year-round commitment and includes the practices of pruning, irrigation, fertilization, and pest control. Most of the work done in these … Readmore

Walnut Varieties

Walnut Varieties Of the hundreds of varieties of English Walnuts available – and the many closely related species – we have selected a range suitable for the climate throughout the UK and for the differing purposes which our customers have … Readmore

Raisin harvesting and drying

Raisin harvesting and drying Starting in late August and continuing through September, the grapes are harvested. At this point in the year they are at their optimum sweetness. Bunches of grapes are handpicked by field workers and placed on paper … Readmore

Black Walnut

Black Walnut Descriptions and uses Black Walnut Distinctive, dark-colored heartwood, as well as tasty and valuable nuts, make black walnut a highly prized North American hardwood tree. Black walnut is native to the United States, but its numbers have declined … Readmore

Raisin inspection and storage

Raisin inspection and storage When the rolls of fruit arrive at the manufacturing plant, they are emptied out onto wire screens and shaken to remove dirt and other unwanted debris. They are also inspected to ensure that they meet previously … Readmore

Raisin processing

Raisin processing The dried grapes are moved from the storage bins to the processing plant. Here they are emptied out onto a conveyor line and mechanically modified. The residual sand and other debris are first removed by running the raisins … Readmore

Raisin Quality Control

Raisin Quality Control Quality control is an important part of each step in the raisin making process. While the grapes are growing, they are checked for ripeness by squeezing the juice from a grape and using a refractometer. This allows … Readmore

Iran’s saffron ambition

Iran’s saffron ambition This country really needs a saffron strategy, a plan for turning its position as the world’s spice-crocus grower into profits for Iranian people. Iran now produces 96% of the world’s saffron, and both output and demand are … Readmore

Walnut Production Management

Walnut Production Management Poor sites have characteristics which will stress black walnut trees. These characteristics include insufficient moisture, too much moisture, harsh conditions from steep slope, hard pans and shallow soils with bedrock or gravel that restrict root growth. Unfortunately, … Readmore

Site preparation

Site preparation There may be no need for preparation of your chosen site. On the other hand, site preparation as intensive as land clearing with a bulldozer and spraying with herbicide may be required. You should ask yourself: How easy … Readmore

Walnut Cultural practices

Walnut Cultural practices How intensively you manage the black walnut plantation depends on your objectives, time available, resources, and plantation size. Unlike site selection, management of black walnut is flexible, and many methods are available for managing the stand. Only … Readmore


Thinning Thinning reduces the stand so that growth is distributed to those trees you wish to keep for future products. Thinning should leave 25 to 30 trees per acre for nut production, and 75 to 100 trees per acre for … Readmore

Walnut Harvesting

Walnut Harvesting Water, nutrients, insects, and many other factors affect nut production. Typically, black walnut trees bear nuts no earlier than their twelfth year. Annual nut production increases as the crown widens and reaches its maximum at about 30 years. … Readmore

Saffron doesn’t grow on tree

Saffron Doesn’t Grow on Trees Saffron is a spice known throughout the world, and history, for its unique flavor, color and aroma. It is the world’s most precious spice, and with very good reason. Each Saffron filament is one red … Readmore

Growing and harvesting saffron crocus

Growing and harvesting saffron crocus Saffron is a delicious and colorful seasoning that is used in breads, desserts, and main dishes in many parts of the world, especially in Iran. Without it, an Indian curry or Spanish paella just wouldn’t … Readmore

Planting saffron crocus corms

Planting saffron crocus corms In areas where Saffron Crocus are reliably hardy—USDA Zone 6 through 8 in the South, 6 through 9 in the West—you should plant the corms as soon as you receive them. Saffron Crocus does best in … Readmore

Harvesting and using saffron

Harvesting and using saffron Three stigmas are borne in the center of each purple, cup-shaped bloom. The best time to harvest the stigmas is mid-morning on a sunny day when the flowers have fully opened and are still fresh. Carefully … Readmore


Saffron Saffron spice is the three red stigma of the purple Crocus sativa flower. It is an extremely aromatic spice and although it is red, it is not at all hot. It has a complex flavor and aroma and is … Readmore

Chemical composition of saffron

Chemical composition of saffron The main chemical components of saffron are responsible for its taste, aroma and its color. Simplified croc in produces color, picrocrocin produces flavor and adrenal produces aroma. Color The color of the saffron is a strong … Readmore

Kashmiri & Iranian saffron – a comparison

Kashmiri & Iranian saffron – a comparison The main difference between Kashmiri and Iranian Saffron is that of the yield of Stigmas which is about 75%.The excess yield is due to the fact that the stigmas of saffron cultivated in … Readmore

Medicinal use

Medicinal use Saffron’s traditional folkloric uses as an herbal medicine are legendary. It has been used for its carminative and emmenagogic properties, for example. Iranian used saffron to treat respiratory infections and disorders such as coughs and common colds,smallpox, cancer, … Readmore

Cake – Saffron

Cake – Saffron Cornish saffron cake is made to celebrate Easter. Saffron corms were traded in exchange for tin, with seafaring Phoenicians. The saffron was bought and sold in Drachmas. Russians also make a saffron cake at Easter called Kulich. … Readmore

Saffron Tea

Saffron Tea Tea sometimes referred to as an infusion or “steeping” saffron. This is exactly the same principle you use in making any tea – the longer the saffron steeps, the stronger its flavor, aroma and color. Where saffron preparation … Readmore

History of cultivation apricot

History of cultivation apricot The center of diversity of the apricot is northeastern China near the Russian border .From there it spread west throughout central Asia. Cultivation in China dates back 3000 years. The Romans introduced apricots to Europe in … Readmore

Apricot Fruit

Apricot Fruit A drupe, about 1.5″-2.5″ wide, with a prominent suture, yellow to orange ± red blush, having light pubescent or a nearly glabrous surface. The pit is generally smooth, enclosing a single seed.Flesh color is mostly orange, but a … Readmore

Apricot cultivation

Apricot cultivation The apricot is thought to have originated in northeastern China near the Russian border. In Armenia it was known from ancient times. The Roman General Lucille’s (106-57 B.C.) even exported some trees, – cherry, white heart cherry and … Readmore

Contribution to diet

Contribution to diet Most of crop is not sold fresh; drying and canning are popular options for apricots since they are so perishable. Cultivars which retain their color and flavor during drying like ‘Royal’ and ‘Tilton’ are best for this … Readmore

Medicinal and non-food uses

Medicinal and non-food uses Fresh or dried, apricots are an excellent health and beauty food. Three small fresh apricots contain more than 50% of the recommended daily intake (RDA) of beta-carotene, a potent antioxidant.Beta-carotene prevents the build-up of plaque deposits … Readmore

Apricot varieties

Apricot varieties Many varieties of apricots are grown in the Middle and Near East, especially in Turkey. In the United States, most apricots are grown in California, as they do not thrive as well on the East Coast. Among the … Readmore

Viewpoints about Iran dates with clipper

Mr. Alijani M.D of Iran dried fruit exporter company in interview with Mr. Gerd . Breuer M.D of Switzerland journal clipper (the journal for international trade in processed food , dried fruit , & nuts )in Homa hotel in Tehran … Readmore

Mini (moist) figs

Mini (moist) figs After processing and selecting of the fruits, the dried figs are washing and processed bringing their moisture content up from 10-12% as delivered, to moisture content as high as 20-23%, which makes our figs moist and delicious. … Readmore

Iranian figs

Iranian figs The soil and climate in city of Estahban near Shiraz center of Fars province are ideal for growing the best figs in the world. Figs orchards in Estahban cultivated by dry farming and their fruits are naturally sun … Readmore


Date: Iranian dates are the fruit of the date palm. They are dark reddish brown, oval, and about 2.5 to 4 CM long. Date skin is wrinkled and coated with a sticky, waxy film. Which City or Province grow: Bam … Readmore

What is Almond ? Storing , Preparation & Medicinal

What is Almond ? What is Almond ? An edible nut mentioned in the Old Testament, the almond is probably native to the eastern Mediterranean. It is much prized in the Moghul style cooking of northern India with its Persian … Readmore

Dried Figs History

Dried Figs History The fig is mentioned frequently in the Bible and is included in the Garden of Eden. It is a traditional food in the Jewish Passover celebration.actually you can find foot print of Dried Figs History everywhere. The … Readmore

Dates Health Tips

Dates Health Tips Dates are loaded with the energy you need every day – to win a marathon or get you through a tough day. With only 24 calories per date (248 per 100 gram serving), dates are high in … Readmore

Date Production

Date Production Vice-chairman of the National Association of Dates has mentioned that, 240 thousand hectares are cultivated in dates in Iran, producing over one million and 50 thousand tons of dates annually, and Iran is the world’s second largest producer … Readmore

Date Diseases and Pests

Date Diseases and Pests This post is aiming for a brief information about major diseases and pests of date, which are listed as below: Fungal Diseases of date palm Bayoud (Fusariose): Date Palms are susceptible to a disease called Bayoud … Readmore

Date Palm Trees Fruiting

Date Palm Trees Fruiting Process Date Palm Trees Fruiting Process : Date Palms are unique in a way that, they have different sexes. They are either a male tree or a female tree. The male trees produce pollen, and the … Readmore

Date Uses

Date Palm stump showing the wood structure.
Date seeds are soaked and ground up for animal feed. Their oil is suitable for use in soap and cosmetics.
They can also be processed chemically as a source of oxalic acid. The seeds are also burned to make charcoal for silversmiths, and can be strung in necklaces. Date seeds are also ground and used in the manner of coffee beans, or as an additive to coffee.
Date palm leaves are used for Palm Sunday in Christian religion. In North Africa, they are commonly used for making huts. Mature leaves are also made into mats, screens, baskets and fans. Processed leaves can be used for insulating board.