Description of Dates:

Dates are grown on palm trees in southern provinces of Iran because they need hot climate to thrive. Palm trees grow about 21-23 meters high.  About 400 varieties of Date Fruits are cultivated in Iran, but only some of them are exported to other countries and reason why this is the case it their taste, moisture and price.

 

We export 9 different types of Date:

  1. Piarom (Maryami)
  2. Sayer
  3. Mazafati
  4. Zahedi
  5. Chopped
  6. Kabkab
  7. Rabbi
  8. Shahabi
  9. Shahani

The Uses of Date:

  • Food uses:

The Date Fruit can be eaten plain or used for cooking in chopped form for cakes, sweets, pudding, bread, ice cream, cereal, candy. The surplus Date is used in jam, jelly, juice, syrup, vinegar, and alcohol.

  • Medicinal Uses:

The fruit, because of its tannin content, can be used medically as a derisive and astringent for intestinal diseases. It can be used as an infusion. Date syrup or paste and is administered as a treatment for sore throat, colds, and bronchial catarrh. Date fruit is taken to relieve fever, cystitis, gonorrhea, edema and liver and abdominal diseases. It is also said to counteract alcohol intoxication.

Dates Garden and Factory:

Dates Packing:

some pictures of different types of dates packing

The History of Date Fruit:

It is believed that date palm originated from the area around the Persian Gulf, South Africa, and India. However, researchers say that Iranians were the first nation to use the date as a food and also used it for medical purposes. The date palm is probably the oldest tree, which has been cultivated in the world. The Date fruit is considered a divine fruit because they are mentioned in the Quran and the Torah, in other words, it is believed that, this fruit is among the seven holy fruits in the world.

 

Botanical Information of the Date:

The Date Fruit goes through 4 stages of development:

  1. Chimri, or Kimri, stage- the first 17 weeks after pollination: the date is green, hard, bitter containing 80% moisture and 50% sugars (glucose and fructose) by dry weight.
  2. Khalal stage- the next 6 weeks: the date becomes full-grown, still hard, the color changes to yellow, orange or red, the sugars increase and become largely sucrose.
  3. Rutab stage- the next 4 weeks: the date is half-ripe, they soften, turn to light brown, and some sucrose reverts to reducing sugar which continues to increase.
  4. Tamar stage- the last 2 weeks: date become soft and their sugars reduce.

Nutritional Value of Date:

Global trade Of Date:

The statistics of Iran date exports, according to the customer organization of Iran, are shown below. (values are in millions of dollars)

Note: Statistics are from March of each year.

According to FAO statistics (2004), Iran is the number one exporter of date fruits in recent years and Iranian date is exported to many countries.

Date Fruit Articles

Date Benefits for Hair

Date Benefits for Hair There are several date benefits for hair. in this post, we will review five of them, please note below: 1.Treats Hair Scalps and Beautifies the Hair Oil from the dates, if used in combination of olive … Readmore

Date Uses

Date Palm stump showing the wood structure.
Date seeds are soaked and ground up for animal feed. Their oil is suitable for use in soap and cosmetics.
They can also be processed chemically as a source of oxalic acid. The seeds are also burned to make charcoal for silversmiths, and can be strung in necklaces. Date seeds are also ground and used in the manner of coffee beans, or as an additive to coffee.
Date palm leaves are used for Palm Sunday in Christian religion. In North Africa, they are commonly used for making huts. Mature leaves are also made into mats, screens, baskets and fans. Processed leaves can be used for insulating board.

Date Palm Trees Fruiting

Date Palm Trees Fruiting Process Date Palm Trees Fruiting Process : Date Palms are unique in a way that, they have different sexes. They are either a male tree or a female tree. The male trees produce pollen, and the … Readmore

Date Diseases and Pests

Date Diseases and Pests This post is aiming for a brief information about major diseases and pests of date, which are listed as below: Fungal Diseases of date palm Bayoud (Fusariose): Date Palms are susceptible to a disease called Bayoud … Readmore

Date Production

Date Production Vice-chairman of the National Association of Dates has mentioned that, 240 thousand hectares are cultivated in dates in Iran, producing over one million and 50 thousand tons of dates annually, and Iran is the world’s second largest producer … Readmore

Dates Health Tips

Dates Health Tips Dates are loaded with the energy you need every day – to win a marathon or get you through a tough day. With only 24 calories per date (248 per 100 gram serving), dates are high in … Readmore