Description of Dates:
Dates are grown on palm trees in southern provinces of Iran because they need hot climate to thrive. Palm trees grow about 21-23 meters high. About 400 varieties of Date Fruits are cultivated in Iran, but only some of them are exported to other countries and reason why this is the case it their taste, moisture and price.
We export 9 different types of Date:
The Uses of Date:
- Food uses:
The Date Fruit can be eaten plain or used for cooking in chopped form for cakes, sweets, pudding, bread, ice cream, cereal, candy. The surplus Date is used in jam, jelly, juice, syrup, vinegar, and alcohol.
- Medicinal Uses:
The fruit, because of its tannin content, can be used medically as a derisive and astringent for intestinal diseases. It can be used as an infusion. Date syrup or paste and is administered as a treatment for sore throat, colds, and bronchial catarrh. Date fruit is taken to relieve fever, cystitis, gonorrhea, edema and liver and abdominal diseases. It is also said to counteract alcohol intoxication.
Dates Garden and Factory:
some pictures of different types of dates packing
The History of Date Fruit:
It is believed that date palm originated from the area around the Persian Gulf, South Africa, and India. However, researchers say that Iranians were the first nation to use the date as a food and also used it for medical purposes. The date palm is probably the oldest tree, which has been cultivated in the world. The Date fruit is considered a divine fruit because they are mentioned in the Quran and the Torah, in other words, it is believed that, this fruit is among the seven holy fruits in the world.
Botanical Information of the Date:
The Date Fruit goes through 4 stages of development:
- Chimri, or Kimri, stage- the first 17 weeks after pollination: the date is green, hard, bitter containing 80% moisture and 50% sugars (glucose and fructose) by dry weight.
- Khalal stage- the next 6 weeks: the date becomes full-grown, still hard, the color changes to yellow, orange or red, the sugars increase and become largely sucrose.
- Rutab stage- the next 4 weeks: the date is half-ripe, they soften, turn to light brown, and some sucrose reverts to reducing sugar which continues to increase.
- Tamar stage- the last 2 weeks: date become soft and their sugars reduce.
Nutritional Value of Date:
Global trade Of Date:
The statistics of Iran date exports, according to the customer organization of Iran, are shown below. (values are in millions of dollars)
Note: Statistics are from March of each year.
According to FAO statistics (2004), Iran is the number one exporter of date fruits in recent years and Iranian date is exported to many countries.