Description of Saffron

Saffron (Zaferan) is a spice that is made from the flower Crocus Sativus, which is also known as Saffron Crocus. Some people call it the Red Gold. Because this spice is the world`s most expensive spice by weight. The reason behind this high price is that, it is super difficult to manually extract large number of stigmas. 

This Spice is a 6 digit HS92 product. (HS Code: 091020)

Zaferan is made from the filaments which grow inside of this flower. The threads which are made from the stigma and style of the filaments are what we call saffron. Its Origin is Iran, although other countries produce it as well. 

It`s taste and the fragrance is the result of the chemicals Picrocrocin and Safranal. Also, its coloring power is from the pigment called Crocin. The result of the coloring strength of its will is golden yellow tending to orange and red.

 

Saffron Crocus
Picture of Saffron Crocus (Saffron Flower)

We export 5 different types of Saffron:

  1. Negin
  2. Sargol
  3. Pushal
  4. Dasteh
  5. Powder

The Uses of Saffron

Culinary Use:

Persian, Indian, European and Arab People highly use this spice in their cuisines, confectionaries, and liquors. It is used as a spice in many culinary products. Food products such as margarine, sausages, cake powder, and many desserts. Dairy products such as butter and cheese. It is also used in other products such as sweets, candy, ice cream, jelly, beverages, wine, chicken, rice, seafood, soup, bread, and cake.

The primary users of this spice use it for preparing a kind of tea named after it. Indians use it for the preparation of a dish called Biryani. Italians and the Swiss use saffron for the preparation of a dish with rice called Risotto. Spaniards use saffron for the preparation of a dish called Paella. Germans and the English use saffron for the preparation of the saffron cake.

Medicinal Use:

People use this spice for its medicinal properties, listed as below:

  1. a powerful antioxidant
  2. improve mood and treat depressive symptoms
  3. have cancer-fighting properties
  4. reduce PMS symptoms
  5. act as an Aphrodisiac
  6. reduce appetite and aid weight loss
  7. reduce heart disease risk factors
  8. lower blood sugar levels
  9. improve eyesight in adults with age-related macular degeneration (AMD)
  10. imporves memory in adults with Alzheimer`s disease

Saffron Farm and Factory

Ready Product Ware House
Ready Product Ware House

Saffron Crocus Needs Full Sun and Very Well-Drained Soil. Harvest Time Is in October At the Same Time Autumn Winds Start to Cool Down the Ground Surface

Saffron Crocus Needs Full Sun and Very Well-Drained Soil. Harvest Time Is in October At the Same Time Autumn Winds Start to Cool Down the Ground Surface

Saffron Crocus Needs Full Sun and Very Well-Drained Soil. Harvest Time Is in October At the Same Time Autumn Winds Start to Cool Down the Ground Surface

Ready Product Ware House
Saffron Farm

Saffron Crocus Is A Fall Bloomer with Purple Petals, Yellow Stamens and A Three-Part Red-Orange Stigma That Becomes the Saffron Strands

Saffron Crocus Is A Fall Bloomer with Purple Petals, Yellow Stamens and A Three-Part Red-Orange Stigma That Becomes the Saffron Strands

Saffron Crocus Is A Fall Bloomer with Purple Petals, Yellow Stamens and A Three-Part Red-Orange Stigma That Becomes the Saffron Strands

Ready Product Ware House
Saffron Harvest

To Harvest, Farmers Cut Off the Open Flowers at Early-Morning on A Sunny Day (Before Sun Heat). Allow All Branches to Grow Through Winter and Feed the Plants for Next Year

To Harvest, Farmers Cut Off the Open Flowers at Early-Morning on A Sunny Day (Before Sun Heat). Allow All Branches to Grow Through Winter and Feed the Plants for Next Year

To Harvest, Farmers Cut Off the Open Flowers at Early-Morning on A Sunny Day (Before Sun Heat). Allow All Branches to Grow Through Winter and Feed the Plants for Next Year

Ready Product Ware House
Saffron Harvest
Sorting & Cleaning
Sorting & Cleaning

Then we Pile the Flowers on a Table Where we Can Work Comfortably. Remove the Stigmas. Take Only the Red-Orange Parts; The Stronger the Color, The Stronger the Flavor

Then we Pile the Flowers on a Table Where we Can Work Comfortably. Remove the Stigmas. Take Only the Red-Orange Parts; The Stronger the Color, The Stronger the Flavor

Then we Pile the Flowers on a Table Where we Can Work Comfortably. Remove the Stigmas. Take Only the Red-Orange Parts; The Stronger the Color, The Stronger the Flavor

Sorting & Cleaning
Sorting & Cleaning
Raw Bunch
Raw Bunch

Raw Bunches Are Basic Products of Whole Saffron Stigma Which Is Using for The Production of Mancha And All Red Types

Raw Bunches Are Basic Products of Whole Saffron Stigma Which Is Using for The Production of Mancha And All Red Types

Raw Bunches Are Basic Products of Whole Saffron Stigma Which Is Using for The Production of Mancha And All Red Types

Packing
Packing

Available Packing: From 0.15 gr to 25 gr
In Different Packages Various Sizes, Materials and Shapes

Available Packing: From 0.15 gr to 25 gr
In Different Packages Various Sizes, Materials and Shapes

Available Packing: From 0.15 gr to 25 gr
In Different Packages Various Sizes, Materials and Shapes

Packing
Packing
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Saffron Packing

Some pictures of different types of saffron packing:

saffron packing

The History of Saffron

The history of saffron Research and documentation shows that the foothills of the Zagros Mountains in Iran are the native lands of this spice. Persians first cultivated Zaferan in Isfahan and Khorasan provinces.

The oldest records about the usage of saffron come from the period referred to as the Achaemenid era where all of the food products that were used in the palace kitchen in that time are inscribed on a pillar. According to these inscriptions, one kilogram of saffron was used each day in the palace kitchen.

There is a new discovery that shows the use of saffron goes back to 3,500 years ago. In addition, saffron-based pigments have indeed been found in 50,000-year-old depictions of prehistoric places in northwest Iran.

Botanical Information of Saffron

The scientific name for saffron is crocus sativus. It is both a bulbous and herbal plant. The lifespan of the saffron plant is 7 to 10 years. The brown bulb of the saffron plant belongs to the corm family. Each bulb grows into 6 to 9 thin, herbal leaves. In the autumn, one or two pink or purple colored flowers bloom from each corm. The pistil of the saffron flower is in the center and contains the ovary and the thin, yellow style growing inside. Saffron flowers have bright, red stigmas that are 20 to 30 mm in length. The stigma is the edible and commercial part of saffron. The stigma has many chemical components, such as carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins, pigment (especially crocin), essence (especially safranal) and flavorings (especially picrocrocin).

Nutritional Value of Saffron

saffron calories
protein of saffron
protein of saffron
vitamins of saffron
minerals
Saffron 4
Saffron 5

Global Trade of Saffron

Based on the international statics of 2017  from OEC website:

The top exporters of Saffron are Iran ($114M), Spain ($63.2M), Afghanistan($18.4M), Greece ($6.97M) and France ($6.42M). The top importers are Spain($54.7M), Hong Kong ($20.8M), the United States ($18M), Italy ($16.7M) and India ($16.6M).

Total of 238 Million US Dollars.

Saffron Exporters by Countries
based on 2017 statistics

Saffron Articles

Saffron Tea

Saffron Tea Tea sometimes referred to as an infusion or “steeping” saffron. This is exactly the same principle you use in making any tea – the longer the saffron steeps, the stronger its flavor, aroma and color. Where saffron preparation … Readmore

Cake – Saffron

Cake – Saffron Cornish saffron cake is made to celebrate Easter. Saffron corms were traded in exchange for tin, with seafaring Phoenicians. The saffron was bought and sold in Drachmas. Russians also make a saffron cake at Easter called Kulich. … Readmore

Medicinal use

Medicinal use Saffron’s traditional folkloric uses as an herbal medicine are legendary. It has been used for its carminative and emmenagogic properties, for example. Iranian used saffron to treat respiratory infections and disorders such as coughs and common colds,smallpox, cancer, … Readmore

Kashmiri & Iranian saffron – a comparison

Kashmiri & Iranian saffron – a comparison The main difference between Kashmiri and Iranian Saffron is that of the yield of Stigmas which is about 75%.The excess yield is due to the fact that the stigmas of saffron cultivated in … Readmore

Chemical composition of saffron

Chemical composition of saffron The main chemical components of saffron are responsible for its taste, aroma and its color. Simplified croc in produces color, picrocrocin produces flavor and adrenal produces aroma. Color The color of the saffron is a strong … Readmore

Saffron

Saffron Saffron spice is the three red stigma of the purple Crocus sativa flower. It is an extremely aromatic spice and although it is red, it is not at all hot. It has a complex flavor and aroma and is … Readmore

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